The Land of Dawnlit Mountains
Area: 83,743 km²
Population (2011): 1,382,611
Established: 20 February 1987
Major crops and resources for economic upliftment
Arunachal Pradesh is basically an agricultural economy. Over 60% of the population is dependent on agriculture. Jhum cultivation is the main occupation of the farmers in Arunachal Pradesh and it has been practiced since past few decades. The state has approximately more than 500 indigenous species of medicinal and aromatic plants. The state has been producing 24755.38 metric tonnes (MT) of horticulture crops in the total cultivated area of 1487.95 × 103 hectares in every year. The main crops are Rice, Maize, Millet, Potato, Ginger, Mustard, Off season vegetables, Large cardamom. Cash crops like sugarcane and potato are also becoming popular. The agriculture in Arunachal Pradesh also comprise of production of few endemic vegetables such as sweet potatoes, brinjal, ginger, chillies, pumpkin, cucumber, and local cow pea. Fruit cultivation is also practiced in the agricultural sector of Arunachal Pradesh. The fruits that are cultivated include pineapple, apple, oranges, lemon, lichi, papaya, banana, plum, guava, cherries, peach walnut, and almond.
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